Incidence, risk factors and Molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance in bacterial flora associated with surgical site infection in a tertiary care hospital


Review Article

Author Details : Amit Kumar Bharti*, Harshada Shah, Dharmendra Singh

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 3-7

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmmtd.2021.002



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Abstract

Introduction: Surgical site infections (SSI) are the leading type infection among hospitalized patients in the low-middle income countries. SSI constitutes a major public health problem and are the second most frequently reported nosocomial infections. They are responsible for increasing the treatment cost, length of hospital stay and significant morbidity and mortality.
Aims & Objectives: To determine the incidence of SSI among patients undergoing general surgeries in the hospital. To analyse the risk factors in SSI & to study AST pattern of isolates and correlate with clinical outcome of these patients.
Materials and Methods: This literature was conducted to recognise the extent of studies in relation to surgical site infection procedural details of SSI, quality attributes in term of various components of SSI were assessed.
Discussion & Conclusion: This literature review elaborates the Pathogenesis, classification of SSI, associated risk factor, antimicrobial susceptibility and also demonstrate the treatment challenges in various prospective.

Keywords: Surgical site infection, Pathogenesis, Microbiology, Classification, Associated risk factors.


How to cite : Bharti A K, Shah H , Singh D , Incidence, risk factors and Molecular characterization of antimicrobial resistance in bacterial flora associated with surgical site infection in a tertiary care hospital. IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis 2021;7(1):3-7


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Med Microbiol Trop Dis. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijmmtd.2021.002


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